Such eye disease can have severely progressed before you begin to perceive any symptoms. This is why it is very important to treat diabetes before symptoms in the eyes appear.
Eye diseases due to complications of diabetes include diabetic retinopathy (diabetic eye disease) and diabetic cataracts.
Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a terrible condition that occurs in the fundus of the eye, or eyeground. If the condition is progressive, it can lead to loss of eyesight.
Most of all, the best method of prevention is by treating diabetes through the control of blood sugar levels. In most cases, complications to the eyes take a long time before occurring. After being diagnosed with diabetes, for the first few years, patients do not experience problems with their eyes. But it remains important to continue the control of blood sugar levels. Once complications to the eyes occur, they will rapidly worsen without proper control of blood sugar levels.
Retinopathy is a condition where poor circulation in the blood vessels of the retina cause hemorrhage. That is why laser is used for treatment when new blood vessels (neovessels) are about to form. Laser is used to thin out the cells of the retina. In other words, the laser doesn’t improve the function of the retina; it sacrifices portions of the retina to preserve its whole. In case the condition continues to progress, new blood vessels form and hemorrhage occurs in the vitreous humor. For such cases a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy is performed.
The treatment of diabetic cataracts is the same as for other types of cataracts. With neovascular glaucoma, prevention is of utmost importance. This starts with treatment of retinopathy. Proper treatment of retinopathy can prevent the occurrence of glaucoma.
Regular examinations by a physician and ophthalmologist are important to monitor the overall condition of your diabetes.