Eye Complications Due to Diabetes.

Eye Complications Due to Diabetes.

Diabetes is a well-known cause of eye diseases due to complications. Diabetes is an illness where high blood sugar levels can affect the nerves and kidneys. Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy (diabetic eye disease), cataracts, and neovascular glaucoma.

Such eye disease can have severely progressed before you begin to perceive any symptoms. This is why it is very important to treat diabetes before symptoms in the eyes appear.

If you have diabetes, you should receive regular fundus (eyeground) examinations by an ophthalmologist.
Retinopathy due to diabetes is the second biggest cause of loss of eyesight in Japan.
Even after several occurrences of hemorrhage in the fundus, you might not be able to perceive any symptoms; regular examinations are therefore important.
Such examinations involve the dilatation of the pupils, which means that, after the tests, you will experience hypersensitivity to light and difficulty to see for about 4 or 5 hours.
This shouldn’t affect regular daily activities, however, you will be unable to use a computer or drive during that period.

Eye diseases due to complications of diabetes include diabetic retinopathy (diabetic eye disease) and diabetic cataracts.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a terrible condition that occurs in the fundus of the eye, or eyeground. If the condition is progressive, it can lead to loss of eyesight.

Most of all, the best method of prevention is by treating diabetes through the control of blood sugar levels. In most cases, complications to the eyes take a long time before occurring. After being diagnosed with diabetes, for the first few years, patients do not experience problems with their eyes. But it remains important to continue the control of blood sugar levels. Once complications to the eyes occur, they will rapidly worsen without proper control of blood sugar levels.

Retinopathy is a condition where poor circulation in the blood vessels of the retina cause hemorrhage. That is why laser is used for treatment when new blood vessels (neovessels) are about to form. Laser is used to thin out the cells of the retina. In other words, the laser doesn’t improve the function of the retina; it sacrifices portions of the retina to preserve its whole. In case the condition continues to progress, new blood vessels form and hemorrhage occurs in the vitreous humor. For such cases a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy is performed.

The treatment of diabetic cataracts is the same as for other types of cataracts. With neovascular glaucoma, prevention is of utmost importance. This starts with treatment of retinopathy. Proper treatment of retinopathy can prevent the occurrence of glaucoma.

Regular examinations by a physician and ophthalmologist are important to monitor the overall condition of your diabetes.